Mark Carney has really put his stamp of authority on the Bank of England (BoE). After just one month as the BoE’s new governor, he’s already shaking things up. At the latest meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), he introduced forward guidance that would have been almost unimaginable under the previous Governor, Mervyn King.
Here’s what Carney’s forward guidance looks like. The MPC intends not to raise their benchmark bank rate from its current level of 0.5% until the unemployment rate falls to a threshold level of 7%. This is subject to three caveats:
inflation is no higher than 0.5% above the 2% inflation target at the 18-24 month horizon
medium-term inflation expectations are contained
and the Financial Policy Committee (FPC) believes that an accommodative monetary policy stance doesn’t pose a risk to financial stability. Read more
I know you think you understand what you thought I said, but I’m not sure you realize that what you heard is not what I meant.
Alan Greenspan said it, but it certainly captures what current Fed chairman, Ben Bernanke, has to be thinking. In his efforts to be open and transparent, Bernanke has struggled over recent weeks to make himself understood. Markets reacted to talk of tapering the bond-buying QE program as if the Fed had announced that it would be hiking the fed funds rate to 5% by Labor Day. So since the last Fed meeting, Bernanke and several Fed governors have been in the public eye trying to clarify that “tapering” is not “tightening.”
With the release of the latest FOMC meeting’s minutes (available here), and echoed in his speech on July 10 (text here), we saw a bit more clarity that’s meant to ease markets back towards Bernanke’s intended message. Two key points that you can pull from the recent Fed communications: Read more
Hand-holding is getting to be very popular with the world’s major central banks. Effectively constrained by zero or near-zero interest rates, central banks have been putting greater emphasis on the effectiveness of their communications. Central bank “speak” – if used wisely – holds the power to ease monetary conditions as much as, if not more than, policy rate changes. Read more
Several Fed presidents, and “Big Ben” Bernanke himself, have been spending the last week or so trying to convince markets that their program of quantitative easing isn’t on the immediate chopping block and that any eventual tapering would be contingent on continued economic improvement. They’ve tried speeches, press conferences…maybe it’s time for a novelty song, sung to soothe markets back toward normality?
Monetary accommodation was on the rise in May. Of the twelve major bank meetings during the month, nine resulted in cuts, two central banks held policy steady, and only one actually increased rates to control inflation.
While the Federal Reserve didn’t change direction, it sent mixed messages regarding its quantitative easing (QE) program. The minutes from the April-May FOMC indicated willingness to “increase or reduce” the pace of QE, a change from previous meetings that were primarily focused on QE reduction aspects. Read more
If you’re looking for a gauge on U.S. inflation, you’ve got two primary options. There’s CPI – the consumer price index. And there’s PCE – personal consumption expenditures. Both CPI and PCE serve as broad measures of inflation (i.e. how much prices are going up on consumer goods and services). That’s useful information if you’re trying to predict economic activity, because rapid and unexpected inflation can be bad for economic growth. So, what would you say if I told you that while CPI and PCE generally track in the same direction, there is a difference between the two estimates? And what if I told you that in March 2013, that difference hit its highest level since the start of the 2008-2009 recession? In March, core CPI showed 1.9% year-over-year growth, while core PCE showed a 1.1% increase over the same period. Sure, it’s only a difference of 0.8%, but 0.8% could mean the difference between extending quantitative easing and wrapping it up. 0.8% could mean the difference between projected growth and a return to recession. Read more
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